Social and economic life of Odisha during the colonial period (1803-1947) by Dr. Sunita Panigrahy
Dr. Sunita Panigrahy is presently teaching in the Department of History, Goswami Ganesh Dutta Sanatan Dharma College, Sector-32 C, Chandigarh. She is a brilliant student of History. She has passed her B.A. degree with History Honours and M.A. in History from Berhampur University, Odisha securing first position in first class in 2001 and 2003 respectively. She has M.Phil degree from Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla and Ph.D. degree from Panjab University, Chandigarh. Her field of specialization is Modern Indian History. She has been teaching history for last eight years. She has to her credit a number of research papers which are published in different journals and books of national repute. She is a member of different academic organizations such as Indian History Congress, Odisha History Congress, Panjab History Conference, South Asian History Congress etc. Her fields of research are socio-economic history, cultural history and women history of modern India.
The present volume is a sincere attempt to have a critical and exhaustive study of the social and economic life of the people of Odisha during the colonial period, i.e. during the British rule in Odisha. It analyses and illustrates various aspects of the society and economic conditions of the Odishan people. The social aspects that were prevailed in the colonial society like the caste system, sati, purdah, female infanticide, child marriage, polygamy, dowry system, untouchability, meriah or human sacrifices etc., and the measures taken to eradicate them are analyses in a very detailed manner. The Socio-religious reform movements like the Brahmo movement, Mahima cult etc., and social transformation that occurred as a result of such movements are highlighted with due weightage. Due emphasis has also been given on different economic aspects such as the process of agriculture, irrigation system, crops pattern, land revenue system, crafts and industry and both inland and overseas trade. Land tenure, survey and settlement, relation between the landlords and the tenants, rural indebtedness etc., constitutes some special features of the economic life. The British land revenue policy which mostly was detrimental to the growth of the Odishan economy is dealt with very critically. Utmost care has been taken to make the work bias free; it tries to present the theme in a very objective manner with new interpretations applying an interdisciplinary approach. The work is expected to be very helpful to the teachers, students, scholars and researchers reading and pursuing research on the history of the British rule in Odisha in particular and that of India in general.